Damian's 78s (and a few early LPs)

Historic recordings remastered. Not a sales list!

Franz André – Carnival of the Animals, Daphnis and Chloe Suite No.2; François Ruhlmann – Chabrier’s España; Maurice Maréchal, Philippe Gaubert – Lalo’s Cello Concerto; W.H. Squire, Hamilton Harty – Saint-Saëns’s First Cello Concerto; Arnold Földesy – Bruch’s Kol Nidrei; Antonio Janigro, Dean Dixon – Dvorak’s Cello Concerto

The themes this month are the cello and French composers. A number of recordings will fall into both categories.

We begin with Franz André conducting Saint-Saëns’s Carnival of the Animals and Ravel’s second Daphnis and Chloe suite. The early 1950s Telefunken sound is generally good, particularly in the Saint-Saëns, with its sparer textures. The Ravel, the earlier of the two recordings, suffers some crumbling of sound in climaxes. Both works receive impressive performances, though the double bass player in Le Carnaval isn’t as secure as one would wish.

From twenty years earlier, François Ruhlmann conducts Chabrier’s España, on a rather noisy Pathé recording.

Recordings of two French cello concertos date from about the same period. Maurice Maréchal plays the Lalo concerto impressively, with solid backing from Philippe Gaubert in a 1932 Columbia recording. There are a few small cuts in the first movement. And from spring of 1926, W.H. Squire plays Saint-Saëns’s Cello Concerto No.1 with equally fine support from Hamilton Harty and the Hallé Orchestra.

Arnold Földesy recorded for the Gramophone company around 1915-19, Odeon in the early 1920s, and again for the Gramophone Company around 1930. Among his HMV recordings were movements from the Lalo concerto, presumably abridged. He was principal cellist of the Berlin Philharmonic for a number of years, before working as a soloist. His cello is now owned by Daniel Müller-Scholl, who has recorded Bruch’s Kol Nidrei on it. It is this work that we can hear Földesy playing (with a minor cut), in an early 1930s Gramophone Company recording with piano accompaniment.

For the final cello recording of this update, we return to the early LP era. Antonio Janigro plays Dvorak’s Cello Concerto, with the support of Dean Dixon and the Vienna State Opera Orchestra.

Saint-Saëns – Carnival of the Animals
Ravel – Daphnis and Chloe Suite No.2

Mediafire link for Saint-Saëns and Ravel – Franz André

(This is a zip file – left click the link, download the file, then unzip when downloaded)

Telefunken GMA 41
Matrices LPO-65330-3B, LPO-36498-3B
Recorded 5th October 1952, November 1950
L’ Orchestre Symphonique de la Radiodiffusion Nationale Belge, Franz André
with Frank Vanbulck and Jeanne Visele, pianos

Chabrier – España – Rapsodie pour orchestre

Download – Chabrier – Espana – François Ruhlmann

(mp3 file – right click the link, then select “Save as”)

Pathé X.5446
Matrices N 8689-1, N 8690-1 (M5-50495, –)
Recorded 1931
Orchestre Symphonique, François Ruhlmann

Lalo – Cello Concerto

Mediafire link for Lalo – Cello Concerto – Maurice Maréchal, Philippe Gaubert

(This is a zip file – left click the link, download the file, then unzip when downloaded)

Columbia LFX 282-4
Matrices WLX 1619-3, 1620-2, 1621-3, 1622-3, 1623-1, 1624-1 (M6-62012, 62565, 62567, 62569, 62017, 62016)
Recorded June 5 1932 (sides 1 and 2), June 6 1932 (remainder)
Maurice Maréchal, cello
Orchestre Symphonique, Philippe Gaubert

I. 1er Temps (2½ sides)
II. Intermezzo (1½ sides)
III. Final (2 sides)

The first movement has several cuts: bars 7-12 of fig 7; first 8 bars of fig 8; from beat before fig 9 to last beat of 10th bar of fig 9.

Saint-Saens – Cello Concerto No.1 in A minor Op.33

Mediafire link for Saint-Saëns – Cello Concerto No.1 – W.H. Squire, Hamilton Harty

(This is an mp3 file – left click the link, download the file)

Columbia L 1800-2
Matrices WAX 1414-2, 1415-1, 1416-1, 1417-1, 1418-4, 1419-1 (6064, 6066, 6057, 6058, 6067, 6065)
Recorded 25th March 1926
Available from December 1926 to January 1940
W.H. Squire, cello
Hallé Orchestra, Sir Hamilton Harty

All sides run at 80.6rpm, and maintain a consistent speed – this seems a rare occurrence for Columbias of this vintage. The work is in one continous movement, though it is divided into sections.

Bruch – Kol Nidrei

Download – Bruch – Kol Nidrei – Arnold Földesy

(mp3 file – right click the link, then select “Save as”)

His Master’s Voice E.H. 15
Matrices Cw 303-I, 304-I (single-side numbers 4-047850/1)
Recorded c1930
Arnold Földesy, cello
Helmut Baerwald, piano

Side 1 runs from the start of the work to the first beat of letter D in the score. The second side picks up at one beat before letter E – thus omitting 11½ bars.
Földesy also recorded this work in August 1920 for Odeon.

Dvorak – Cello Concerto in B minor Op.104

Mediafire link for Dvorak – Cello Concerto – Antonio Janigro, Dean Dixon

(This is a zip file – left click the link, download the file, then unzip when downloaded)

World Record Club T 342 (Westminster recording)
Matrices W 7904-1N, 7905-1N
Recorded 1953/4

I. Allegro
II. Adagio ma non troppo
III. Allegro moderato

Antonio Janigro, cello
Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Dean Dixon

The original Nixa release of this recording was reviewed in Gramophone in June 1954. It was described as “first-class in every way.”  It is compared favourably against versions by Zara Nelsova and Rostropovich.

The original release had the first two movements on the first side, and the third movement on the second side. On this World Record Club reissue, the 2nd movement is moved onto the second side.

Scheherezades from Philippe Gaubert and Eugene Goossens

Because I’ve been hard at work on transfers, here’s yet another update. This time there are three Scheherezades – two are highly abridged, one only slightly. Landon Ronald’s acoustic account (now available to download from Historic Recordings ) takes one side for each movement. The early electrical version by Eugene Goossens adopts the same principle, and contains only a little more music, evidently being intended as a replacement for the acoustic version. The “complete” version recorded by French Columbia is conducted by Philippe Gaubert on 11 sides, including a cut between the end of side 10 and the start of 11. I don’t know why it wasn’t simply recorded complete on 12 sides.

Rimsky-Korsakov – Scheherezade Op.35
His Master’s Voice C 1287-8
Matrices CR 561-IIA, 562-II, 563-IV, 564-I (4-0868/71)
Recorded 13th (parts 1, 2, 4) and 15th (part 3) July 1926
Royal Opera House Orchestra, Covent Garden, Eugene Goossens

Mediafire link for Rimsky-Korsakov – Scheherezade – Goossens

(These are zip files – left click the link, download the files, then unzip when downloaded)

This abridged recording by Eugene Goossens uses almost the same cuts as Landon Ronald’s acoustic account, simply adding one or two extra passages that Ronald decided wouldn’t fit on. These include the opening twelve bars of the first movement, a section between A and B in the third movement, and in the fourth movement, the section between A and B, and from W to a little before X.

The parts of the score included in the recording are given below. Page references are to Hawkes Pocket Score – section letters appear common to all scores.

First Record: start (p3) to end (p4); E (p19) to 6 after F (p26); 5 after H (p30) to M (p38); 11 after M (p39) to end (p41)

Second Record: start to bar 4 (p42-3); A (p44) to B (p45); C (p47) to D (p50); H (p62) to 16 after I (p68); 6 before L (p73) to L (p74); N (p79) to P (p87); R (p92) to end (p96)

Third Record: start (p97) to B (p101); C (p105) to H (p116); I (p119) to K (p120); P (p133) to end (p134)

Fourth Record: 24 before A (p140) to bar before E (p147); K (p158) to N (p168); P (p173) to bar before Q (p176); W (p197) to 10 after X (p213); 15 after X (p216) to 10 after Y (p221); Z (p222) to 6 after Z (p224)


Scheherezade – Suite Symphonique Op.35
Columbia Masterworks Album 156 (DBX 1-6)
Matrices WLX 418, 419, 420, 476-2, 477-2, 478-1, 375, 376, 377, 416, 417 (9722, 9723, 9724, 10559, 10560, 10561, 9529, 9528, 9527, 9728, 9706
Recorded 6th July 1928, April 1929

I. The Sea and Sinbad’s Ship (3 sides)
II. The Story of the Kalandar Prince (3 sides)
III. The Young Prince and the Young Princess (2 and a half sides)
IV. Festival of Bagdad: The Sea – The Ship is Wrecked (2 and a half sides)

L’Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire, Paris, Philippe Gaubert

Bizet – L’Arlesienne Suite – Adagietto No.1 for Strings
Matrix WAX 5048 (12368)
Recorded 11th to 15th June 1929
Concertgebouw Orchestra, Amsterdam, Willem Mengelberg

Mediafire link for Rimsky-Korsakov – Scheherezade – Philippe Gaubert

(These are zip files – left click the link, download the files, then unzip when downloaded)

Gaubert’s account of Scheherezade is substantially complete, and demonstrates the excellent sound obtained by French Columbia (though the noise level is high on some sides). Curiously, side 10 ends 28 bars after V and side 11 starts at W, an omission of 44 bars. Given that the work was going to be issued on 6 double sided records, it’s unclear why 12 sides were not used, rendering the cut unnecessary, along with the unusual filler side. The French Columbia issue of this set was coupled with Gaubert’s account of the Menuet from Ravel’s Le Tombeau de Couperin.